Since the first settlers arrived in Iceland over 1100 years ago our rights to travel throughout the country and camp overnight has been highly valued. The current Nature Conservation Act stipulates that everyone has the right to travel around the country and enjoy its nature as long as they are careful not to damage or otherwise spoil natural resources. It is permissible to cross uncultivated private property without seeking any special permission. Landowners may not hinder passage of walkers alongside rivers, lakes and ocean or on tracks and paths, but travellers should avoid taking shortcuts over fenced areas, pastures and private plots. State-owned land such as conservation areas and forestry areas are open to everyone with few exceptions such as restricted access during breeding seasons or during sensitive growth periods.
Camping with no more than three tents is allowed on uncultivated private land for a single night but campers should not camp close to farms and always use designated campsites where they do exist. It is allowed to collect berries, mushrooms, seaweed and other plants for immediate consumption on public lands and highland pastures.